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Central-Eastern Europe in the Second Half of the 20th Century

Three-Volume Monographic Study

Volume 1. "Real Socialism" in the Making (1945-1965).
Volume 2. From Stabilization to Crisis (1966-1989).
Volume 3. The Transformation of the 90th. Parts I and II.

Moscow
"Nauka"
2000-2002

Editorial board:
Academician A.D.Nekipelov (Editor-in-chief), Dr.(Econ.)S.P.Glinkina, Dr.(Econ.)R.S.Grinberg, Dr.(Econ.)R.N.Evstigneev, Dr.(Hist.)I.I.Orlik, Ph.D.(Econ.)E.Ya.Sheinin, Dr.(Hist.)B.A.Shmelyev

Volume 1.
"Real Socialism" in the Making(1945-1965)
(Editor-in-chief Dr.(Hist.) I.I.Orlik)


The first volume of the three-volume study under the title "Central-Eastern Europe in the Second Half of the 20th Century" examines economic, social, political and international aspects of CEE countries' evolution in 1945-1965. Proceeding from an overall analysis of factual data, including new documentary and archive sources, many problems related to social transformations in the region are re-considered and specified. World War II outcomes for CEE countries, main theoretical conceptions of countries' development, socio-economic and political transformations are objectively evaluated, the regions' place and role in international relations at the initial "Cold War" stage are shown. The study addresses principal stages of the making of the world socialist system, the search for reforms aimed at "socialist renewal". A separate section focuses on the evolution of individual CEE countries.

CONTENTS

Introduction (A.D.Nekipelov, I.I.Orlik)

Section One
THE OUTCOMES OF WORLD WAR II FOR CENTRAL-EASTERN EUROPE
Chapter I. Political Consequences of the War (I.I.Orlik)
Chapter II. Economic Consequences (E.Ya.Sheinin)
Chapter III. The Outcomes of Peaceful Settlement (A.A.Yazkova)

Section Two
MAIN THEORETICAL CONCEPTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT
Chapter IV. The Socialist Conception (A.P.Butenko)
Chapter V. An Alternative to Socialism (G.P.Murashko, T.V.Volokitina)
Chapter VI. Economic Development Theories (R.N.Evstigneev)

Section Three
POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATIONS
Chapter VII. New Government Bodies. The Constitutions (N.I.Bukharin)
Chapter VIII. Economic Development (N.V.Feit)
Chapter IX. Industrialization (A.N.Samorukova)
Chapter X. Agrarian Reforms (G.I.Shmelyev)
Chapter XI. Transformation of Small Commodity Production in Non-Agricultural Branches (S.P.Glinkina)

Section Four
SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS
Chapter XII. The Welfare of Population. Social Policy (L.S.Degtyar)
Chapter XIII. Employment and Its Social Impact (L.S.Degtyar)

Section Five
CENTRAL-EASTERN EUROPE AT THE START OF THE "COLD WAR"
Chapter XIV. Cental-Eastern Europe Between the USSR and the West (I.I.Orlik)
Chapter XV. Exterior Factors of the Coup d'Etat in Prague (February 1948) (I.I.Orlik)
Chapter XVI. The German Question in Post-War Europe (V.I.Dashichev)
Chapter XVII. The 1948 Soviet-Yugoslav Conflict and Its International Implications (B.A.Shmelyev)

Section Six
THE MAKING OF THE WORLD SOCIALIST SYSTEM
Chapter XVIII. Regional Political and Economic Relations in the First Half of the 1950s (N.I.Bukharin)
Chapter XIX. The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, Its Structure and Aims (E.Ya.Sheinin)
Chapter XX. The Warsaw Treaty: Correlation Between Political and Military Functions (A.V.Vakhrameev)
Chapter XXI. The First Contradictions in the Course of Cooperation. The 1953 Critical Situations (A.V.Vakhrameev)
Chapter XXII. The 1956 Revolt in Hungary, Its Suppression and Political Outcomes (B.J.Zhelizki)

Section Seven
ATTEMPTS TO IMPROVE THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM OF SOCIALISM
Chapter XXIII. Conception of "Renewed Socialism" (R.N.Evstigneev)
Chapter XXIV. Pre-Requisites and Problems of Economic Growth (P.I.Kuligin)
Chapter XXV. Search for Reforms (M.A.Deryabina)

Section Eight
CENTRAL-EASTERN EUROPE IN THE FRAMEWORK OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Chapter XXVI. Political and Economic Relations and Contradictions (N.I.Bukharin)
Chapter XXVII. Relations with Western Countries (I.I.Orlik, A.N.Bykov)
Chapter XXVIII. Relations with the Third World (L.Z.Zevin, M.P.Strepetova)
Chapter XXIX. The Status in the UNO and Other Inter (A.V.Vakhrameev)

Section Nine
DEVELOPMENT SPECIFICITY IN INDIVIDUAL CENTRAL-EAST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Chapter XXX. Albania (A.F.Stepanov)
Chapter XXXI. Bulgaria (T.E.Valeva)
Chapter XXXII. Hungary (B.J.Zhelizki)
Chapter XXXIII. GDR (N.K.Meden)
Chapter XXXIV. Poland (N.I.Bukharin)
Chapter XXXV. Rumania (I.F.Selivanova)
Chapter XXXVI. Czechoslovakia (M.O.Kopytina)
Chapter XXXVII. Yugoslavia (N.V.Kulikova)

Volume 2.
From Stabilization to Crisis (1966-1989)
(Editor-in-chief Dr. (Hist.) B.A.Shmelyev)


The second volume continues the complex study of socio-economic and political development problems of the Central-Eastern European (CEE) countries started in the first volume of the project. The causes and the manifestations of political system crisis in the "real socialism" countries, as well as those of the economic development slowdown, are examined in detail. Special attention is given to the search of recovery strategy under the increasing economic crisis. A special section focuses on the analysis of the status and role of the CEE countries in the international relations of the 60-80s. The distinctive characteristics of individual countries' development during the period in focus are singled out.

CONTENTS

Introduction (B.A.Shmelyev)

Section One
POLITICAL SITUATION IN CENTRAL-EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Chapter I. "Real Socialism" and Its Essential Characteristics (A.D.Nekipelov)
Chapter II. The Improvement of Economic Mechanism: Problems of Theory (R.N.Evstigneev)
Chapter III. The Evolution of Political System (N.I.Bukharin)
Chapter IV. Nationalism in the Policy of Countries of Central-Eastern Europe A.A.Yazkova
Chapter V. Opposition to "Real Socialism" (A.A.Yazkova)

Section Two
THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF CENTRAL-EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Chapter VI. The Economic Development Problems (A.N.Samorukova, N.V.Feit)
Chapter VII. Agrarian Policy in Central-Eastern European Countries (G.I.Shmelyev)
Chapter VIII. Socialist Economic Integration: COMECON's Achievements and Failure (R.S.Grinberg, E.Ya.Sheinin)
Chapter IX. The Economic Mechanisms Improvement Practice (M.A.Deryabina)

Section Three
SOCIAL POLICY IN THE "REAL SOCIALISM" COUNTRIES
Chapter X. Living Stiandard and Life Quality: Achievements and Failures. The Social Policy Algorithm (L.S.Degtyar)
Chapter XI. New Tendencies in the Social Development and Elaborating the Alternative Approaches to Solving the Social Problems (L.S.Degtyar)

Section Four
CENTRAL-EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES IN THE FRAMEWORK OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Chapter XII. Detente and Its Essence (A.V.Vakhrameev)
Chapter XIII. Central-Eastern European Countries: from the Cold War to Detente (I.I.Orlik)
Chapter XIV. The Prague Events of 1968: the Causes and International Consequences (I.I.Orlik)
Chapter XV. The Coordination of Foreign Policy Course of the European Socialist Countries (A.V.Vakhrameev)
Chapter XVI. The Warsaw Treaty and European Security (A.V.Vakhrameev)
Chapter XVII. The Relations of Central-Eastern European Countries with the Western Powers (I.I.Orlik)
Chapter XVIII. COMECON Countries and the Developing States (L.Z.Zevin, M.P.Strepetova)

Section Five
SPECIFICITY OF SOCIO-POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN CENTRAL-EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Chapter XIX. Albania (N.D.Smirnova)
Chapter XX. Bulgaria (T.E.Valeva)
Chapter XXI. Hungary (B.J.Zhelicki,M.A.Usievich)
Chapter XXII. GDR (N.K.Meden)
Chapter XXIII. Poland (N.I.Bukharin)
Chapter XXIV. Rumania (I.F.Selivanova)
Chapter XXV. Czechoslovakia (M.O.Kopytina)
Chapter XXVI. Yugoslavia (Yu.K.Knyazev)

Volume 3
The Transformation of the 90th. Part 1.
(Editor-in-chief Dr. (Econ.) S.P.Glinkina)


The first part of this third and final volume of the research monograph "Central-Eastern Europe in the Second Half of the 20th Century" analyzes postsocialist transformation, including the transition from an administrative command to a market economy, and from totalitarianism and authoritarianism to democracy and the rule of law. The last decade of the 20th century was also a time when the CEE countries searched for new economic and political allies in the world under a radically changed geopolitical situation and the challenges of globalization. The authors of the monograph review the causes, paths and highly unambiguous effects of socio-economic and political restructuring in the CEE region.

CONTENTS

Introduction (S.P.Glinkina)

Section One
POLITICAL TRANSFORMATION AND SOCIETY
Chapter I. The Causes, Driving Forces and the Character of Revolutions on the Brink of the 8O-9Os (N.I.Bukharin, Yu.K.Knyazev, L.S.Kosikova, I.S.Yazhborovskaya)
Chapter II. The Creation of a Legitimate Democratic State. From Political Pluralism to Consolidated Democracy ( N.I.Bukharin, I.S.Yazhborovskaya)

Section Two
TRANSFORMATION OF THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM
Chapter III. The Liberalization of Economic Activity(N.V.Kulikova)
Chapter IV. The Privatization of the Economy. The Formation of Market-Adequate Economic Actors(S.P.Glinkina)
Chapter V. The Making of the Institutions and Infrastructure of a Market Economy(M.A.Derybina)
Chapter VI. Agrarian Reforms(G.I.Shmelyev)
Chapter VII. The Problem of Economic Growth (P.I.Kuligin)
Chapter VIII. The Transformation Crisis: Approaches, Views and Debates(A.D.Nekipelov)

Section Three
SOCIAL COMPONENT OF SYSTEM TRANSFORMATION
Chapter IX. Selected Indicators of Social Development. The Social Price of Reform (L.S.Degtyar)
Chapter X. Social Reforms During Transition to the Market(N.V.Kulikova, I.S.Sinitsina)

Section Four
FOREIGN TRADE FACTORS IN POST-SOCIALIST COUNTRIES1 DEVELOPMENT
Chapter XI. Foreign Trade Policy of the Central and Eastern European Countries (N.V.Feit)
Chapter XII. Problems and Perspectives of Involving Countries of Central and Eastern Europe into the System of European Economic Integration(S.P.Glinkina,D.S.Lukonin)
Chapter XIII. The Effects of Reforms on Economic Relations between the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe and Russia (N.V.Feit)

Section Five
FOREIGN POLICY ENVIRONMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE
Chapter XIV. The New Geopolitical Situation(I.I.Orlik)
Chapter XV. The Search for New Allies and the Formation of Regional and Sub-Regional Groupings (A.A.Yazkova)
Chapter XVI. The Balkan Crisis(B.A.Shmelev)

Volume 3
The Transformation of the 90th. Part 2.
(Editor-in-chief Dr. (Econ.) S.P.Glinkina)


The third volume part two of the monograph "Central-Eastern Europe in the Second Half of the 20th Century" presents CEE country studies in the 1990's. The authors describe the course of revolutionary changes in the CEE countries' economic and political spheres, examine successes and vulnerable points in transformational reforms, forecast the future development of the countries within a unified European area, portray various state figures on the CEE political horizon who have mostly influenced the history of their countries in the postsocialist development period. A bibliography of Russian and foreign research works focusing on the topoc, systemically adapted to the structure of the three-volume study, is attached to the present volume.

CONTENTS

Introduction
Chapter I. ALBANIA(A.F.Stepanov)
Chapter II. BULGARIA (T.E.Valeva, V.I.Shabunina)
Chapter III. BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (E.Yu.Gusjkova)
Chapter IV. HUNGARY (M.A.Usievich)
Chapter V. MACEDONIA (Yu.K.Knyazev)
Chapter VI. POLAND (N.I.Bukharin, U.S.Sinitsina,N.A.Chudakova)
Chapter VII. ROMANIA (N.I.Dovzhenko, A.N.Samorukova, N.V.Feit)
Chapter VIII. SLOVAKIA (M.O.Kopytina)
Chapter IX. SLOVENIA (Yu.K.Knyazev)
Chapter X. CZECH REPUBLIC (V.S.Milovanov)
Chapter XI. CROATIA (Z.N.Kuznetsova)
Chapter XII. YUGOSLAVIA (E.Yu.Gusjkova, N.V.Kulikova,L.V.Tyagunenko)
BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR VOLUMES I-III(S.A.Romanenko, E.V.Chellini,C.G.Chellini)




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